It is finished. We are at Golgotha’s stony slope, at the foot of the cross. There we see Jesus. You see Him struggling to breathe. It looks as if the weight of the entire world is on His shoulders, for it is. He has been there several hours on the cross, and now we hear Him say, “It is finished.” Yet, they are not sad and mournful words. It’s not as if He had said, “I’m finished,” or “I’m done for,” as someone might say in fear when death descends on him. Those words–despite Jesus’ weariness and anguish–were words of triumph and words of great satisfaction. For He had finished all that His Father had sent Him to do.
Yes, Jesus completed His entire ministry on earth, His preaching and teaching, and He had finished His whole work of obeying and fulfilling God’s Law. But even more important, He had completed what He needed to do to redeem the world. He could, indeed, look with satisfaction on this work and say with pride, “It is finished.” It’s as Isaiah wrote in 53:10-11: “He will prolong His days, and the will of the LORD will succeed by His hand. Because of the anguish of His soul, He will see it and be satisfied. Through His knowledge the Righteous One, My Servant, will justify the many, as He will bear their iniquities” Now Jesus has earned, won, and redeemed the whole world, a work that only God in the flesh could do–a work too great for any mere man to even begin to do.
If anyone ever had the right to say “It is finished,” it was Jesus. Yet, He does not say these words to express His own pride and satisfaction. He speaks them, or better said, He speaks it– in the original language it was just one word–as a short sermon for us. Why? So we sinful beings might have comfort, true assurance, and salvation. And so we meditate on Jesus’ brief sermon: “It is finished.”
First, what is finished? What Jesus finished was nothing less than redeeming sinners, that is, paying for their sins. That’s what Jesus finished. The wages of sin are high: the wages of sin is death, and nothing less. And when the Scripture says that, it means not only the death of the body, but also the eternal death of soul and body in hell. The wages of sin is the endless wrath of God against sinners and His eternal separation from them. It was those wages that Jesus received in full. He didn’t just die. He hung nailed to the cross, the focus of an entire lifetime of humility, rejection, and persecution. On the cross, He suffered the pangs of hell in full. Jesus did this as the Substitute for sinners. He satisfied the holy and righteous anger of God toward the world by stepping in the place of sinners, sinners like you, sinners like me. Jesus did this even though He was fully innocent.
Jesus was without sin. But that’s only part of the story. Although sinless, Jesus became according to 2 Corinthians 5:21, “sin for us, so that in Him we might become the righteousness of God”. That’s why your sins and my sins have been paid for in full, so He could make us righteous and we could spend eternity in God’s presence. That’s why when death is over us, we can approach it without fear, even with a sense of victory and satisfaction. Now we can’t smile at death because we have lived a wonderful life. We can only do so because Jesus has made our life acceptable to God the Father.
What else? What did Jesus finish? Our justification, and no less; for our God has forgiven our sins. Because of Jesus, we are guilty no more. He has absolved our sins and crimes, and they have been erased from God’s courtroom record. God sees us as perfect and sinless, without spot or wrinkle. Because of Jesus, our consciences have been washed with pure water and cleansed from dead works to serve the living God. How thoroughly is that work finished? Fully and perfectly; that’s how well Jesus finished the work He was sent to do. Yet, the work isn’t simply finished, the work has been finished. That means the effects of Jesus’ work goes on and on, that it impacts us to this day.
Jesus’ life-giving work of the cross wasn’t some past event that has no relevance for you today. And so your redemption isn’t a work that has to be finished again. It isn’t a work that has to be added to or supplemented. It has been finished; all has been done. It’s as the book of Hebrews puts it: Hebrews 10:14, “For by a single offering He has perfected for all time those who are being sanctified.”. God commanded in His Old Covenant that His priests, every day, make sacrifices for the sins of the people. But those Old Testament sacrifices–in and of themselves–did not atone for sins. For the blood of bulls and goats could not, on their own, take away sin. Then why did God command them? Because their blood did forgive sins in this way: they connected to the future sacrifice of the promised Messiah, who would with His one offering take away sin forever. And so today, we need no further sacrifices for sin, because Jesus has reconciled us with God for all time.
And Jesus atoned for all sins, not just for some of them. It wasn’t only for the really bad ones, or only the little ones. Jesus paid for every sin. So we need not despair. Yes, Jesus paid for all the sins of all sinners. He left no sin behind. The Son of God paid the penalty for every single person, down to the last murderer and adulterer. His work on the cross is finished. No one can add anything to it or do anything to help earn his or her way to heaven. Now some say that once you are a Christian, you still must do holy works to be worthy of heaven. That’s a lie. That’s saying that Jesus only took away your past sins, and now you have to complete His work with your own. But that’s not how it is. God says in Romans 4:5 “to the one who does not work, but believes on Him [that is, Jesus] who declares the ungodly righteous, his faith is credited for righteousness”.
It’s as the Apostle Peter wrote in 1:19, “The precious blood of Christ, a lamb without blemish or defect”, that’s what Jesus poured out for you. And you would be insulting Him to try to add to it, to add even one ounce of your own righteousness, trying to make yourself right with God. You would be telling Jesus, “It’s not enough, after all.” You would be saying, “Jesus, you didn’t quite finish the job; I have to do that.” You would be saying, “Jesus, You aren’t the complete and perfect Savior, but only a helper and nothing more.” No, Jesus has done everything. And He gives it all to you as a gift. Yes, in Ephesians 2:8, “for by grace you have been saved through faith. And this is not your own doing; it is the gift of God”. Yes, it is finished, indeed. Amen